A young Louis Armstrong and Bernhardt Karnofsky.

Mr. Karnofsky, a Lithuanian-Jewish peddler, treated Louis like family and bought him his first cornet at 6. Louis identified with the family and wore a Jewish star around his neck until his death. He remembers, “They were always warm and kind to me, which was very noticeable to me — just a kid who could use a little word of kindness.”

Thank you to Julia Rothman for including me in her upcoming book, The Who, the What and the When: 65 Artists Illustrate the Secret Accomplices of History. Available on Amazon!